Mating is a practice that is common to every animal species. We are going to talk about how dogs mate, since there is some general curiosity about it. As specialists claim, dogs don’t become violent if they don’t mate and it’s not mandatory for their well-being to mate. They can have a perfectly normal life without breeding.
However, in spite of not being dangerous to a dog if he doesn’t mate, he may have some unusual behaviours if he notices the presence of a female dog that is “in heat”. He can become agitated (and run away to go after the female dog), he may start humping other animals, people and even objects, and he may start to urinate to mark territory (which is not an exclusive behaviour of dogs who can’t mate, but many of them do).
Mating is a natural behaviour dogs have and male dogs can become nervous when they smell the presence of a receptive female dog and they don’t mate for some reason. As it has already been claimed for specialists, dogs don’t have sex for pleasure, like humans do. Somehow, their genome tells them they have to mate. In fact, they do it to obey to their instinct.
How do dogs mate?
Oestrus or “heat” is the word used to refer to the time when female dogs are receptive to mate. There is no certain age to this happen. Some female dogs go into oestrus with only few months old, some other animals only reach it when they are two years old. The animal’s size seems to be linked to the “heat” frequency. According to specialists, small breeds tend to cycle more frequently and earlier than the larger breeds. Some female dogs may actually take several months to have a regular cycle. But this represents a normal situation that should not concern you.
Most of the female dogs have their oestrus twice a year, from six to six months, but this may vary. Dogs are biological beings and their body doesn’t work always in the same way. Some female dogs can have a “heat” only once a year. Any of these situations may be normal and usually isn’t linked to any health problem.
And how do you know your female dog is into “heat”? You will notice that your dog will have vaginal bleeding and she will be more attentive to that area. Note that bleeding is natural in these situation, but if you think that your dog is bleeding too much, it is a good idea to take her to the Veterinarian to find out if is everything alright with her.
You will probably see your dog licking her vulva, which will be apparently enlarged while the “heat” is happening. In this period, female dogs can release small quantities of urine more often than usual because urine has pheromones and hormones appealing to male dogs.
The oestrus may last between 14 and 21 days. But the female dog will only allow mating from the second week until the end of the “heat”.
If you want your female dog to mate, you should know when she is ready to do it. According to specialists, dog females use to ovulate and allow mating around the eleventh day of the “heat” (on the second week of the oestrus). But this is not certain and your dog may ovulate earlier or later than this. Male dogs are usually ready to mate when they reach six months. But, in nature, many things can’t be guaranteed.
Since the day in which ovulation occurs may vary, it is hard to know for sure when is the female dog fertile. However, you can ask the Veterinarian to perform some blood tests in order to find out when your dog will ovulate and when is the best time for breeding.
Generally speaking, the “heat” has three stages, which correspond to the three weeks it lasts. On the first week, there is a blood discharge. Since that each female dog has a different body, the amount of it may vary. On the second week, the ovulation usually occurs. At this time, the discharge is slightly lightened. By this time, female dogs are receptive to mate. By the third week, the discharge looks bloody again.
How does the mate happen?
Mating is a natural and instinctive act which animals have been doing since immemorial times. Nevertheless, not every mating result as the owners expect, because it is hard to know for sure when the female dog will ovulate. What usually happens is that the male dog sniffs and licks the female dog’s vulva and then mount her and insert his penis there. Then, the female dog’s vulva clamps around the dog’s penis. This moment is called “the tie”. The subsequent stage is when the fecundation occurs and can last between fifteen and thirty minutes. Not every mating has pregnancy as result, but when it happens female dogs deliver their puppies about two months later.
If you were curious about how dogs mate but you are not interested on your dog doing it, it is important that you take your pet friend to the Veterinary to perform a neutering. To be neutered is not a bad thing. In fact, it is a great help to avoid future health problems on male and female dogs. If you have a male dog, he will possible become calmer and he will not be tense while feeling receptive female dogs on heat. If you have a female dog, by neutering her you will avoid that she has unwanted puppies.
Whatever your choice is, you may talk to a Veterinarian to clarify your doubts and to decide what is best for your furry friend.