There are several reasons that may explain why dogs vomit. Some of them should concern the dog owner, since vomiting may be a sign of a health problem. While a dog may throw up just because he has eaten grass or the food was unpleasant, vomiting may also indicate that your dog ingested toxic substances or has a serious medical condition.
Why Do Dogs Vomit?
If you suspect that your dog is sick, you should take him as soon as you can to a Veterinarian in order to see what is going on with him. It is perfectly possible that your dog has a fortuitous bout of vomiting and there is nothing serious happening with him. However, continuous and insistent vomiting can be the sign of a serious condition. In fact, chronic vomiting (which is vomiting that goes on for more than a few days and it may be episodic or intermittent) can be due to several diseases. If it happens often, take your pet to a Veterinarian.
Only a Veterinarian is able to tell you surely what is happening with your friend. Vomiting may be related with several kinds of problems, such as the presence of parasites or foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract, kidney failure, intestinal parasites, liver failure, viral infections, pancreas inflammation, bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal tract, trauma, gallbladder inflammation, medication reaction, intoxication, cancer, problems caused by your dog’s diet (new food, food intolerance…) and heat stroke among others.
Medical observation and exams will be crucial to find out what is the problem. You must provide to the Veterinarian as much information as you can. Has your dog had some behavioural and appetite changes? Another symptoms such as lethargy, diarrhoea, dehydration, blood loss and weight loss are some of the keys to understand what is the problem.
Is also relevant to differentiate vomiting and regurgitation. This may be very helpful to your Veterinarian find out what is the problem and get a diagnostic. When a dog vomits, he throws with effort by mouth substances contained in the stomach and his abdominal muscles will contract while this is happening. On the other hand, regurgitation is backwards flow of a fluid into the esophagus.
Your Veterinarian will examine your dog and according to the clinical condition he may decide to perform several diagnostic tests to make a diagnosis. It is very important to hear and fully understand what your Veterinarian will tell you and follow the given instructions. It is possible that preparing a special food for your pet can help him to get better. Medical treatment may include antibiotics, antiemetic drugs, among other medication. Make sure you are providing proper care and lots of attention to your dog in order to help him to get better.